高三英语复习——动词的语态

2007-10-31 11:35:25   来源:转载   评论:0 点击:
fail, happen, last, lie, remain, sit, spread,
stand, break out, come true, fall asleep, keep silence, lose heart, take place等没有无被动语态。
例如:After the fire, very little remained of my house. 大火过后,我家烧得所剩无几。
比较:rise, fall, happen是不及物动词;raise, seat是及物动词。
   (误) The price has been risen.
   (正) The price has risen.
   (误) The accident was happened last week.  
   (正) The accident happened last week.
   (误) The price has raised.     
   (正) The price has been raised.
   (误) Please seat.              
   (正) Please be seated.
  要想正确地使用被动语态,就须注意哪些动词是及物的,哪些是不及物的。特别是一词多义的动词往往有两种用法。解决这一问题唯有在学习过程中多留意积累。
 2)不能用于被动语态的及物动词或动词短语,如fit, have, hold, marry, own, wish, cost, notice, watch agree with, arrive at / in, shake hands with, succeed in, suffer from, happen to, take part in, walk
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