句型转换方法总结

2007-11-05 10:20:29   来源:转载   评论:0 点击:
    英语中,为了避免语句单一化,我们常常可以用不同的句型表达相同的含义。把一种结构的句子改为另一种结构来表达同样的意思,我们称之为句型转换。适当了解句型转换的方式可以丰富我们的语言表达能力,从而使语言更精确、更生动。
一、复合句转换成简单句
    1. so ... that 句型中,当that从句是肯定形式时,可以转换成enough ... to 句型;当that从句是否定形式时,可以转换成too ... to 句型。当主句与从句的主语不一致时,可以由介词for引出不定式所表示动作的执行者或承受者。如:
He was so old that he could go to school by himself.
→He was old enough to go to school by himself.
It was so bright in the room that his mother could be operated on.
→It was bright enough in the room for his mother to be operated on.
It was so dark that he couldn’t see the faces of his companions.
→It was too dark for him to see the faces of his companions.
    2. in order that引导的目的状语从句可以转换成in order (not) to结构;so that引导的目的状语从句可以转换成so as (not) to结构。当主句与从句的主语不一致时,in order (not) to或so as (not) to后接不定式的被动式。如:
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